There are many times the police would need a search warrant to go through a person’s belongings or property, but there are also times where a search and seizure warrant is not needed. This includes:
When the police do need a warrant, they obtain this from a judge. The warrant will list the locations and/ or items that are allowed to be searched. The officers are not allowed to search anything or anywhere that is not listed in the warrant. So, if the warrant lists a home’s living room only, then the officer may not search the bedroom.
However, this does not mean the officer cannot seize something that was not listed on the warrant. For example, the officers are searching the living room for illegal drugs. While they are looking under the couch cushion, they come across weapons. The officer is allowed to seize those weapons.
Warrants are also required in order to go through a person’s cell phone and computer. These items would need to be listed on the warrant in order for the officer to search and seize.